AURORA – Vino Bianco Superiore dell’ETNA

AURORA, which also means dawn in Italian, here on Mt. Etna is the name of a small and graceful, native butterfly (painted on the label), currently at risk of extinction. All work in the vineyard is done by hand using natural products. Biotechnology and systemic methods are not used in winemaking. Transfer and bottling are carried out according to the phases of the moon. Contrada:  Caselle in the municipality of Milo – Eastern Etna at 750 m above sea level Plot: Aurora vineyard Varieties:  Carricante 90% – Minnella bianca 10%
INFORMATION

Number of vines (approx.):  15,000

Area of plot (in hectares, approx.):  2.00

Vine Density per hectare:  7,800

Vineyard planted in:  2010 and 2015

Vineyard training:  Alberello Etneo with chestnut post

Kg of selected grapes produced on average per hectare:  8,000

Litres of wine produced on average per hectare:  5,500

Number of 0.75L bottles produced in an average vintage:  10,000

Harvest: second half of October

Winemaking:  direct pressing of whole grapes with static and natural settling of the must for about 30 hours

Yeast:  addition of selected autochthonous yeasts

Duration of alcoholic fermentation:  15-20 days

Duration of refining:  in steel tanks for 6 months

Filtration:  only during bottling

Clarification:  natural settling and decanting

Racking during refinement:  3 times

Addition of sulphur dioxide: small doses before fermentation and bottling

Average alcohol content:  11.5%

Average total acidity per litre:  7 grams

Average pH:  3.05

Total sulphur in the newly bottled wine (mg/l) average:  60 mg/l

Bottling:  late April-early May in the year following the harvest

First Production Year: 2013

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MAP OF THE VINEYARD

 

As the crow flies, the vineyard is:

10 Km from the Central Crater of Mt. Etna and 8 Km form the Ionian Sea

Average yearly rainfall:  1,500 mm

Soil type: volcanic, sandy with a large amount of ripiddu (lapilli and volcanic pumice from eruptions). The substrate is characterized by a lava plateau of considerable areal extension, predominantly flowering “Superior Tuffs and Lahars”, fine-grained yellow tuffs that are sometimes stratified with plant remains, red-brown Lahars. (Monginello Antico) and “Lava and pyroclastites that are difficult to delimit to degraded surface morphology” (Monginello Antico-Mongibello Recente). The paedogenetic processes, favoured by the predominance of an easily degradable tufaceous substrate (also known as tufaceous components), have generated a soil that is on average quite deep and scarce in skeleton.