PALMENTO CASELLE – Etna Bianco Superiore DOC

PALMENTO CASELLE: The 100% Carricante vine of this small parcel is the fruit of one particular mass wine selection made by Salvo Foti in over 20 years of work. The vineyard was planted in part with the ancient Etnean technique of the  “Mallet cuttings” or “Magliuoli”:  direct production, without grafting on American vine (ungrafted). Vineyard cultivation is done by hand using natural products. Biotechnologies are not used in winemaking. Transfer and bottling are carried out according to the phases of the moon. All bottles are numbered and have their number on the front label. Contrada: Caselle the municipality of Milo – Eastern Etna at 750 meters  above sea level Plot: Palmento Caselle Grapes: 100% Carricante , 100% ungrafted.
INFORMATION

Number of vines (approx.): 2,150

Area of plot in hectares (approx.): 0.30

Density of vines per hectare: 8,000

Vineyard planted in: 2010

Vineyard training:  Alberello Etneo with chestnut posts

Kg of selected grapes produced on average per hectare: 2,000 (6,800 per hectare)

Litres of wine produced on average: 1,000 (3,250 per hectare)

Average number of 0.75 l bottles produced: 1,200

Harvest period:  first half of October

Winemaking:  direct pressing of whole grapes with static and natural settling of the must for about 30 hours

Yeast:  autochthonous yeasts from traditional Palmento winery

Duration of alcoholic fermentation: 13-15 days in 500L wooden barrels

Duration of refinement: in 500L Barrels for 12-15 months and in the bottle for at least 1 year

Filtration: only during bottling

Clarification:  natural settling/decanting

Racking during refinement:  5 times

Addition of sulphur dioxide: in small doses before fermentation and bottling

Average alcohol content: 12%

Average total acidity grams per liter: 7

Average pH: 3.1

Total sulfur content in freshly bottled wine (mg/l) average: 50

Bottling: in May of the second year following the harvest

First Production Year: 2016

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MAP OF THE VINEYARD

The Vineyard is as the crow flies:

10 Km from the Central Crater of Mt. Etna and Km 8 from the Ionian Sea.

Average annual rainfall: 1,500 mm

Soil type: volcanic, sandy with a large amount of ripiddu (lapilli and volcanic pumice from eruptions). The substrate is characterized by a lava plateau of considerable areal extension, predominantly flowering “Superior Tuffs and Lahars”, fine-grained yellow tuffs that are sometimes stratified with plant remains, red-brown Lahars. (Monginello Antico) and “Lava and pyroclastites that are difficult to delimit to degraded surface morphology” (Monginello Antico-Mongibello Recente). The paedogenetic processes, favoured by the predominance of an easily degradable tufaceous substrate (also known as tufaceous components), have generated a soil that is on average quite deep and scarce in skeleton.